More than 3 million drivers on the road today will be affected by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) mandate regarding electronic logging devices (ELDs). Here’s what you need to know to make sure you’re prepared.
On Dec. 16, 2015, the FMCSA published its final rule requiring the adoption and use of ELDs by all drivers currently required to complete paper logs. The mandate went into effect on Feb. 16, 2016, and the compliance date is Dec. 18, 2017.
An ELD is an electronic logging device that automatically records a driver’s duty status (RODS) and hours-of-service (HOS). Such devices, used by many drivers and fleets today, are also known by names such as automatic onboard recording devices (AOBRD) and electronic onboard recorder (EOBR). ELDs are designed to help fleet operators reduce paperwork and violations. The mandate doesn’t change the rules regarding logging HOS, but it does require the logging process to be electronic.
By 2017, all CDL drivers who are required to keep RODS must use an ELD to document their compliance with HOS rules. As per the mandate, ELDs must:
If your fleet is currently using paper logs, you’ll need to switch to an ELD by Dec. 18, 2017. If you have already adopted an AOBRD or EOBR, your current system will be grandfathered for an additional two years, until December 2019.
The proposed ruling will affect any interstate commerce driver who is operating a vehicle with:
As per a CDL short-haul exemption within the final rule, CDL short-haul drivers operating within a 100 air-mile radius or non-CDL drivers operating within a 150 air-mile radius won’t be required to install an ELD. Remember, if the requirements to meet the short- haul exemption are broken, you will need to keep RODS for those days and for days that you use the 16-hour short-haul exemption.
Additional exemptions include drivers who conduct driveaway- towaway operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered.
CDL drivers are exempt from logs and 30-minute breaks if they:
Non-CDL drivers are exempt if they:
Operators of pre-2000 model-year trucks are exempt due to vehicle connectivity concerns and retrofitting costs. Exemptions are based on Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).