More than 3 million commercial truck drivers on the road today will be affected by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) mandate regarding electronic logging devices (ELD), also known as the ELD mandate. Here's what you need to know to make sure you're prepared.
The ELD mandate is a U.S. federal government regulation enacted by the FMCSA, specifying that operators of commercial motor vehicles covered by this law will be required to use an electronic logging device or ELD.
On Dec. 16, 2015, the FMCSA published its final rule requiring the adoption and use of an ELD by all drivers currently required to complete paper logs. The mandate went into effect on Feb. 16, 2016, with a compliance date of Dec. 18, 2017.
An ELD is an electronic logging device that automatically records a driver's duty status (RODS) and Hours of Service (HOS). An ELD is designed to help fleet operators reduce paperwork and violations. The mandate doesn't change the rules regarding logging HOS, but it does require the logging process to be electronic.
By 2017, all CDL drivers who are required to keep RODS must use an ELD to document their compliance with HOS rules. As per the mandate, an ELD must:
If your fleet is currently using paper logs, you'll need to switch to an ELD by Dec. 18, 2017. If you have already adopted an automatic onboard recording device (AOBRD) or electronic onboard recorder (EOBR), your current system will be grandfathered for an additional two years, until December 2019.
The ruling will affect any interstate commerce driver who is operating a vehicle with:
As per a CDL short-haul exemption within the final rule, CDL short-haul drivers operating within a 100 air-mile radius or non-CDL drivers operating within a 150 air-mile radius won't be required to install an ELD. Remember, if the requirements to meet the short- haul exemption are broken, you will need to keep RODS for those days and for days that you use the 16-hour short-haul exemption.
Additional exemptions include drivers who conduct driveaway-tow-away operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered.
CDL drivers are exempt from logs and 30-minute breaks if they:
Non-CDL drivers are exempt if they:
Rental CMVs are exempt for a period of 8 days or fewer, regardless of reason for rental, effective April 19, 2018.
Operators of pre-2000 model-year trucks are exempt due to vehicle connectivity concerns and retrofitting costs. Exemptions are based on Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
Commercial drivers are required to log hours electronically while using rental trucks and tractors, but there is an exemption for short-term rental vehicles.
Penske offers a number of solutions to help you achieve ELD success: