Federal and state regulations are pushing equipment manufacturers and fleets to pursue lower-emission heavy-duty vehicles, and Rule 2305 in California is among the requirements that could affect fleets operating in the state.

Rule 2305 — also known as the Warehouse Actions and Investments to Reduce Emissions (WAIRE) Program or the Warehouse Indirect Source Rule (ISR) — requires warehouse operators to track and record every truck coming in and out of the facility to monitor the indirect emissions coming from the trucks that visit their locations.

Every time a nonzero truck enters their facility, warehouses can face a penalty. Tractors and tractor-trailers are weighted 2.5 times higher than smaller, straight trucks due to their higher emissions, according to the South Coast Air Quality Management District. Truck trips are defined as one-way trips that tractors and straight trucks make to a warehouse facility when delivering goods to or from another location.

Warehouse operators can offset diesel truck visits and reduce fees by implementing emission-reduction activities, such as using electric yard tractors and adding zero-emission truck trips to the site, which earn them points. Warehouse operators are required to earn a specific number of points every year based on the number of truck trips made to and from the warehouse each year. As a result, warehouse owners and operators may put pressure on fleets to use low- or zero-emission vehicles when visiting their locations.

The rule is designed to reduce NOx and diesel emissions and reduce air pollution in the South Coast Air Quality Management District, which includes Orange County, western San Bernardino County, western Riverside County including the Coachella Valley, and southern Los Angeles County.

SCAQMD has taken a phased in approach with the rule. The largest warehouses — those that are 250,000 square feet and above— had to file their annual WAIRE report by Jan. 31, 2023. Facilities between 150,000 and 250,000 square feet had to file their report by Jan. 31, 2024, and facilities between 100,000 and 150,000 will have to file their annual report by Jan. 31, 2025. The due date for submitting an Initial Site Information Report for Phase 3 warehouses is July 2, 2024.

Penske Truck Leasing has a wide range of low- and zero-emission vehicles that can help warehouse operators or fleets serving facilities within the South Coast Air Quality Management District. To learn more about available options, contact us today.

The 2022 Telematics Use and Trends study examines who is using telematics devices and how fleet decision makers choose technology and use the information it generates. It found that fleets are using information from telematics devices in several ways, from increasing productivity and improving maintenance tracking, to reducing their fuel spend.

Learn more about how fleets are using telematics and what factors influence their device selection.

"With an increased focus on technology, the whole digital experience becomes more crucial. Solutions need to be simple to use and intuitive. People want to know what critical information they need to act on."

~ 2022 Telematics Use and Trends

Top Findings

  • Larger fleets, and those with more complex business operations, are adopting telematics devices at a higher rate than small fleets.
  • Fleets covering more territory are more likely to use telematics than fleets with coverage in just one territory.
  • Two-thirds of decision makers said they shop telematics solutions across multiple providers, with larger fleets appearing to weigh their options more carefully than small and medium fleets.
  • Cost is among the most important factor influencing purchasing decisions. Decision makers also look at ease of installation and feature availability.
  • More than three-fourths of fleets – 75% – share telematics data with at least one fleet management service provider.

At Penske, we understand the challenges of the transportation industry, and we’ve customized our medium-duty truck leasing program to meet your specific needs.

How Penske helps you stay ahead:

>> CDL and Non-CDL Options

We'll help you find the right options for your drivers, equip them for success and keep your trucks on the road.

>> Proven Maintenance To Increase Uptime

We give you the right maintenance at the right time, stopping problems before they even start and providing you with maximum uptime. This allows you to focus on your core business while we focus on maintaining your fleet.

>> Rental Vehicles To Avoid Downtime

Minimize downtime with a variety of rental truck options available when you need them most.

>> Virtual Tours and On-Site Experiences

Take a virtual tour and explore our state-of-the-art facilities, then schedule an on-site tour to meet your local Penske team.

>> One-Stop Shop

Simplify operations by working with one supplier for everything. Penske is your comprehensive solution, providing a support system for your entire business.

>> Apps and Tools

Our apps and tools help you maximize your fleet data by delivering real-time visibility and actionable insights.

Thank you for visiting Kris-Way Truck Leasing, Inc., a transportation services company offering full-service leasing, commercial truck rental, contract maintenance and dedicated contract carriage.

Kris-Way Truck Leasing, Inc. was recently acquired by Penske Truck Leasing. Moving forward, Kris-Way customers will benefit from the combined services both companies have to offer across a growing network.

Operating as Penske, Kris-Way will continue offering both leasing and logistics services from seven locations throughout Maine and New Hampshire. This includes the corporate office, located in South Portland, Maine and facilities in Auburn, Bangor, Saco, Portland, and Waterville, Maine, as well as Concord and Manchester, New Hampshire, which will be incorporated into Penske Truck Leasing and Penske Logistics.

For more information about Penske Truck Leasing, please click here.

To learn more about Penske Logistics, click here.

Thank you for visiting Star Truck Rentals, Inc., a transportation services company offering:

  • Full-service leasing
  • Commercial truck rental
  • Contract maintenance
  • Used truck sales and more

Star Truck Rentals, Inc. was recently acquired by Penske Truck Leasing. Moving forward, customers will benefit from the combined services both companies have to offer across a growing network.

The acquisition of Star Truck Rentals, Inc. increases Penske's existing fleet by approximately 1,900 vehicles and adds 18 locations throughout Michigan and Indiana. Penske is now integrating the facilities, staff, vehicles and processes of Star Truck Rentals into its existing network.

For more information about Penske Truck Leasing, click here.

To learn more about Penske Truck Rental, click here.

For further details about Penske Used Trucks, click here.

The driver shortage remains a critical industry concern, and many carriers are having a hard time finding qualified drivers to fill the seats in heavy-duty Class 8 trucks. Bob Costello, chief economist for American Trucking Associations said the shortage tends to rise and fall with economic trends. While it has eased slightly, the underlying challenges, including an aging driver population and competition from other blue-collar careers, haven't disappeared.

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Fleets are using technology to improve truck driver safety and shape driver habits. Onboard safety technology improves safety and can increase efficiency, reduce liability and cut costs — but fleets need to gain driver acceptance of any new solutions.

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Sue Maier, vice president of sales systems and analytics for Penske Truck Leasing, has been named to the Women in Trucking Association’s (WIT) 2024 list of Top Women to Watch in Transportation. This prestigious list recognizes top performers who go the extra mile to advance gender diversity in transportation.

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As a professional driver, you face countless challenges on the road, and you can’t anticipate them all. But here’s one that’s totally within your control: keeping your cargo safe and secure.

Proper cargo securement is more than just making sure every item in your trailer or flatbed is tied down. It also involves achieving the right balance. When your cargo is evenly distributed, you’ll avoid the risk of load shifting. It’s a serious problem that makes a truck difficult to drive. It can even cause a truck to roll over.

A few ways to secure your cargo and prevent load shifting:

  • Sweep out your trailer so you start with a clean floor.
  • Inspect all securement devices (tie-downs, ratchet straps, chains, binders, cargo nets) for signs of wear and tear. Replace any damaged tie-downs and be sure to always carry more than needed just in case a replacement is needed while on the road.
  • Check the working load limit (WLL) of your tie-downs so you don’t overstress them.
  • Inspect the load you’ll be hauling. Look for the weight (which should be listed on the bill of lading) and length of your cargo.

As you load

  • Use the right number of tie-downs. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) recommendations call for:
    • One tie-down for items that are 5 feet long or shorter and weigh 1,100 lbs. or less
    • Two tie-downs for
      • Items that are 5 feet long or shorter and weigh 1,100 lbs. or more
      • Items that are longer than 5 feet but shorter than 10 feet
    • Use additional tie-downs for every extra 10 foot of length
    • Unsure of how many tie-downs to use? Add an extra tie-down or two to be extra cautious.
  • Make sure all securement devices are tight but not too tight—they should snap like a rubber band.
  • Use edge protectors to prevent straps from damaging your cargo.
  • Secure any rolling cargo with chocks, wedges or cradles.
  • Distribute your load as evenly as possible and try to secure cargo to fixed points inside your trailer or on a flatbed.

As you drive

  • Inspect your cargo within the first 50 miles, then every 3 hours, 150 miles or at change of duty. Make sure nothing has shifted or moved. Tighten any loose tie-downs.
  • Drive safely. Take tight curves slowly. Avoid harsh braking. Slow down in inclement weather.

Remember, proper cargo securement is the driver’s responsibility. Take the time to balance your load, drive safely, and check your load in transport to keep you and your cargo safe.

Cargo theft spiked last year, with thieves becoming more strategic and targeting high-value loads.

“The motives and the way the criminals are operating has changed, and cargo theft is increasing tremendously,” said Keith Lewis, vice president of operations at CargoNet, a Verisk company.

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Sustainability within the supply chain continues to improve, creating economic and environmental benefits for shippers and transportation providers. A wide range of solutions that can reduce carbon emissions, increase efficiency and improve operations is already available, and new solutions are on the horizon.

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Renewable diesel — an advanced fuel option that reduces greenhouse gas emissions while meeting the same specifications as petroleum diesel — can be added to existing fuel truck systems to help lower a fleet’s carbon footprint. As a drop-in fuel that can be used in place of ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD), renewable diesel is helping bridge the gap as the trucking industry moves toward zero-emission vehicles without extra equipment or infrastructure cost related to battery-electric vehicles.

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Uncertainties around the economy, consumer spending and freight demand remain, and predicting capacity demands, consumer behavior and business needs can be challenging in the current operating environment. However, there are strategies fleets can use to prepare for the year ahead, no matter what it brings.

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It typically begins with a simple yawn. Next thing you know, your eyes feel heavy. You find yourself turning up the radio or opening a window. Then you realize you forgot the last few miles you drove and wonder how you traveled so far without realizing it.

What’s happening? It’s fatigue, and it’s one of the most common and dangerous safety risks for professional drivers. About 65% of truck drivers say they feel fatigued while driving, according to the American Transportation Research Institute. What’s worse, fatigue plays a role in 31% of all deadly truck crashes, says the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

The good news is that staying more alert while driving is well within your control. Try one or more of these seven smart strategies to beat fatigue behind the wheel. You may just save a life!

1. Take your breaks. Always follow Hours of Service (HOS) regulations and take a minimum of 30-minute breaks every 8 hours. Try to find your own rhythm. For example, you may be more alert if you take shorter breaks every two-to-three hours instead of “saving” your break for that eighth hour on the road.

2. Get your sleep. Aim to sleep for seven to eight hours every night. If possible, avoid or limit driving mid-afternoon (between 2 – 4 p.m.) or overnight (between midnight – 6 a.m.), times when the body is naturally drowsy.

3. Watch what you eat and drink. Skip fast food, vending machines, and other types of food that lack nutrition. Instead, pack healthier meals. Choose fruits, vegetables, nuts or string cheese for snacks. Don’t eat a heavy meal right before bed. But don’t go to bed hungry, either. Avoid sodas and other sugary drinks. Choose water instead so you can stay hydrated.

4. Stay active and fit. While you can’t exercise while driving, you can add some physical activity during your breaks and during your off time. Take a brisk walk. Do some stretching exercises. Aim for 20 minutes of physical activity at least three days a week. Being physically fit lowers your chances of fatigue.

5. Check your medicines. Sleeping pills, allergy medications and cold medications can make you drowsy. Avoid or limit them whenever possible. Always ensure you discuss any medications and their side effects with your doctor.

6. Avoid the traps. Many drivers think that they can fight fatigue by smoking, turning up the radio, or opening a window. Those activities may refresh you for a few seconds, but they won’t keep you alert for the long haul. If tired, do the right thing, pull to a safe area, and take a break!

7. Don’t tough it out. If you start yawning, making sudden lane changes or start to grow irritable, it’s a good bet you’re tired. Find a safe, legal place to park, such as a truck stop or well-lit rest area, and take a break.

The use of sustainable vehicles and fuels is growing in medium- and heavy-duty fleets, and fleets are adopting a range of technologies and have plans to add alternative technologies going forward.

“We believe that 2027 could very well be the last of the major diesel engine development programs that we see out there in the world — which is pretty amazing,” said Erik Neandross, CEO of Gladstein Neandross & Associates, which created The State of Sustainable Fleets 2023 report.

The report, sponsored by Penske Transportation Solutions and released during the Advanced Clean Truck Expo on May 1, examines the current state of prevalent sustainable vehicle platforms for medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) fleets and identifies the trends shaping the industry’s future.

For the first time since the report launched in 2020, 75% of fleets that have never used leading clean drivetrain technologies plan to increase use in the next five years. “Across clean fuel types, we’re seeing accelerating momentum and an increasing commitment to low-carbon fuels and zero-emission commercial vehicles,” Neandross said.

Regulatory requirements and government incentives are helping to move projects forward, but Drew Cullen, senior vice president of fuels and facility services for Penske Transportation Solutions, said all fleets are trying to do the right thing even outside of regulatory pressure. “We’re all trying to get workable solutions that we can fit into our business to make a difference,” he said, adding that operational capabilities are critical.

Cullen spoke as part of a panel presentation following the report’s release. He was joined by Thomas de Boer, vice president of commercial road transport for Shell, and Ari Silkey, general manager of North American surface transportation for Amazon.

Battery Electric Vehicles

Interest in battery electric vehicles (BEVs) has continued to increase. Orders for MD and HD BEVs surged 640%, with nearly 30,000 MD orders and 2,400 HD battery-electric school bus orders placed in 2022.

“Zero-emission vehicles and other alternative powertrains, infrastructure, renewable energy and funding all continue to make significant strides in meeting and exceeding fleet sustainability targets,” Cullen said.

At least half of fleets across 11 different fleet types, including logistics, transit, school, cargo and delivery fleets, have operated an MD or HD battery-electric vehicle in the annual survey and 92% of those fleets plan to grow their use. The report found that 85% of fleets taking part in the survey are using electric yard trucks.

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) signed by 17 states and the District of Columbia set a goal of reaching 100% ZE sales for MD and HD vehicles by 2050. Although the MOU is voluntary, 13 of these states have taken action to reach the goal by adopting or beginning to adopt California’s Advanced Clean Trucks requirement for ZEV sales in their states.

Hydrogen Fuel Cells

Legislators and regulators are investing in hydrogen production and fueling infrastructure, and private investments by global leaders are also targeting production. The public hydrogen station network grew 12% and the first plans to build station networks outside of California were announced for the central, mid-Atlantic and southwestern U.S.

According to the report, a viable refueling landscape could soon exist as these vehicles become commercially available. Among respondents, 10% of fleets using clean vehicles have operated fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) in the last two years, with 63% expecting to grow their FCEVs in the coming years. Transit and regional/long-haul goods movement fleets have the highest use rates, with approximately 17% reporting use of at least one FCEV.

Natural Gas Vehicles

Fleet demand for natural gas vehicles (NGVs) continues to rise, indicating high user confidence and satisfaction with this mature, clean drivetrain technology. Plus, compressed natural gas (CNG) and renewable natural gas (RNG) continue to offer price advantages compared to diesel. On average, surveyed fleets that used natural gas in the last two years used it for approximately 20% of their vehicle population, the largest penetration rate among users of any of the clean drivetrains in the study.

Propane Vehicles

Propane engines on the market today already meet stringent new engine emission requirements, and the propane vehicle and fuel market also continue to play a role in the industry, especially with bus fleets. The study found that 57% of fleets surveyed plan to increase their propane consumption during the next five years.

After two years of declining sales, industry reports indicate that sales of new propane vehicles increased 11% overall in 2022, thanks to a surge in demand for medium-duty paratransit, municipal and utility vehicles.

Renewable Diesel

Renewable diesel (RD) has proven to be a sustainable drop-in fuel that can replace diesel and both the production and use of the fuel has grown. In 2022, domestic RD production doubled from 800 million gallons in 2021 to more than 1.7 billion gallons. On the demand side, national RD consumption increased by more than 45% for the second year in a row, and it represented 83% of all bio-based diesel consumed in transportation in California for the first three quarters of 2023.

“The expansion of renewable diesel gives others options when a zero-emission piece of equipment or renewable natural gas isn’t a solution for them,” Cullen said.

Penske offers RD at several of its locations on the West Coast. “We realized this is a true drop-in fuel that comes with a much lower overall emissions footprint than regular petroleum diesel,” Cullen said.

Overall, fleets and their industry partners are working together to decrease emissions. “It feels really good that the industry is progressing, and a lot of these partnerships are coming together all over the place and continuing to move things along,” Cullen said.

Download the report: The State of Sustainable Fleets 2023

Several economic factors are driving higher costs of many goods and services, including equipment leases. Staying informed about key elements contributing to rising prices and what’s to come can help businesses plan for the year ahead.

Critical drivers of cost changes include:

Inflation: Inflation, which decreases the purchasing power of money, has increased significantly. On average, prices have increased about 25% over the past six years, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index (CPI) Inflation Calculator.

The overall consumer price index has increased 3.1% over the past year, BLS reported in its latest CPI report. Unfortunately, transportation and maintenance costs have risen even higher than costs in other industries. The transportation services CPI increased 10.1% year-over-year, while the maintenance and repair CPI grew 8.5%.

OEM Vehicle Costs: Transportation costs are directly affected by the cost of equipment, which is increasing as original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) deal with new regulatory requirements, supply chain challenges, and higher component, freight and labor costs. The costs of 2025 model-year equipment, for example, are up significantly over 2018, with the average OEM vehicle price up 23%.

Increased Maintenance and Labor Costs: Service vendor and dealer prices have also increased as locations address higher costs for parts, tires and outside repairs. There is a severe technician shortage in the industry, and costs associated with attracting, hiring and retaining technicians have also increased. As a result, costs associated with maintenance are up 20% to 30%.

Interest Rates: Federal policy has dramatically increased the cost of funds to try to slow inflation. The Federal Reserve has raised interest rates 11 times since early 2022. It did not raise rates in December, but in a press conference following the meeting, Jerome Powell, U.S. central bank chief, said that “inflation is still too high, ongoing progress in bringing it down is not assured, and the path forward is uncertain.”

The overall cost to finance equipment has increased since 2018. Due to higher upfront vehicle costs, leases are experiencing a rate increase of 30% to 35%.

The Road to 2027

Costs may continue to increase, especially with upcoming regulatory requirements that will tighten emissions. Stricter standards required by the Environmental Protection Agency and the California Air Resources Board will take effect in some states by 2025 and nationally in 2027.

“The regulations are out there pushing to make diesel engines much cleaner, but also likely more expensive and more complicated,” said Erik Neandross, CEO of Gladstein Neandross & Associates, while unveiling The State of Sustainable Fleets 2023 report, which was sponsored by Penske.

“What we found when doing the research for this year’s report, the price tag on these rules could easily add $30,000 to the cost of a new diesel tractor,” Neandross said. “That doesn’t include all of the ongoing maintenance that will be required by the fleet once these ultra-sophisticated aftertreatments are out in the field.”

Plus, OEMs must provide extended warranties, up to 600,000 miles, adding costs that will be passed along to the customer.

ACT Research forecasts medium- and heavy-duty vehicle costs will rise by 12% to 14% as the EPA’s Clean Trucks regulation goes live in 2027. “As such, we believe the OEMs will be at least partially successful in convincing customers to begin EPA ’27 pre-buying in 2024,” said Kenny Vieth, ACT’s president and senior analyst.

There are also several unknowns that come with new equipment technology, including the impact on maintenance and fuel economy.

Given the potential cost increases and uncertainty that lie ahead, including how a pre-buy could affect the industry, it can make sense for fleets to replace vehicles now and establish a regular replacement cycle.

Reducing emissions is a top priority among federal and state lawmakers, and the U.S. Department of Transportation has announced a new deadline — Feb. 1 — for state departments of transportation to establish transportation-related emission-reduction goals.

The federal government has also announced more than $27 billion in federal funding to help states reach their targets, including $5 billion to build out an electric vehicle charging network, $2.5 billion to deploy electric vehicle charging and hydrogen, propane and natural gas fueling infrastructure, and $400 million to reduce truck idling and emissions at ports.

The new requirements and funding are among several regulatory initiatives designed to improve sustainability, which is also taking on greater importance as customer, consumer and investor interest in companies’ environmental, social and governance (ESG) goals increases.

Fleets can reduce emissions in several ways, including turning to late-model equipment, deploying electric vehicles and using renewable diesel fuel.

Late-Model Equipment: Late-model equipment with significant fuel economy improvements, reducing emissions. The North American Council for Freight Efficiency’s 2022 Annual Fleet Fuel Study found that fuel efficiency for all heavy-duty Class 8 combination vehicles went from 5.97 to 6.24 mpg during the last three years.

Vehicle Selection: Spec’ing the right vehicle for the application improves efficiency and fuel economy while also reducing operating costs and the risk of mechanical failures. Different fleets have different needs, and a cross-country vehicle, for example, is spec’ed very differently than a tractor used in regional applications.

Aerodynamic Devices: Installing EPA-verified aerodynamic devices on tractors and trailers can save fuel by minimizing aerodynamic drag and maintaining smoother airflow. Technologies include side skirts (a pair of panels affixed to the lower side edges of a trailer) and trailer tails, both of which reduce drag.

Auxiliary Power Units: Auxiliary power units (APUs) reduce the need for idling, allowing fleets to reduce fuel costs, increase engine life and improve driver comfort. Fleets can choose either an electric APU that runs on batteries or a diesel-powered APU that runs on a small diesel engine that burns a small amount of fuel per hour. APUs could range from $8,500 to $12,500, but that cost is recouped in fuel savings over about two and a half years.

Preventive Maintenance: Preventive maintenance helps keep the tractor operating at peak performance, which has a direct impact on fuel economy. The North American Council for Freight Efficiency reported that fleets can achieve fuel savings between 5% and 10% through preventive maintenance.

Electric Vehicle Solutions: Penske has built and operates North America’s first heavy-duty EV charging network, and there are multiple paths to EV adoption. These include Class 8 trucks and light- and medium-duty equipment. Penske Truck Leasing offerings include the Freightliner eCascadia (class 8), Freightliner eM2 (class 6 and 7), Volvo VNR electric tractor (class 8), International® eMV™ (class 6 and 7), Ford E-Transit (Class 2), Orange EV e-Triever electric terminal truck (class 8 yard tractor), Freightliner Custom Chassis MT50e walk-in (class 5 and 6), and XOS walk-in (class 6).

Renewable Diesel Fuel: Renewable diesel fuel is a cleaner option that performs identically to ultra low sulfur diesel (ULSD) but has a well-to-wheel differential of 60% to 90%+ in greenhouse gas. Renewable diesel reduces particulate matter by more than 40%, carbon monoxide by more than 25%, total hydrocarbons by more than 20%, NOx by 10%, and lifecycle GHG emissions by up to 90%. Penske offers renewable diesel fuel at several locations on the West Coast.

Fleets are increasingly expected to be able to quantify their emission reduction efforts. Penske Truck Leasing has solutions, including an emissions calculator, to help fleets calculate savings and track results. Associates will also work with fleets to find the ideal equipment for their needs and test new technologies.

Nearly 3 million roadside vehicle inspections took place in 2023, resulting in more than 4.5 million violations, including about 850,000 out-of-service violations. Violations can affect carriers’ Compliance Safety Accountability (CSA) scores and result in fines, unscheduled downtime and driver frustration.

Many of 2023’s top vehicle violations can be prevented with proper maintenance and pre- and post-trip inspections.

Lighting Violations

Lights are critical for safety and visibility but are among the most frequent roadside violations. Lighting-related violations made up three of the top ten roadside violations in 2023, with an inoperable required lamp being the No. 1 violation carriers experienced. Not far behind it were an inoperative turn signal and no or defective lighting devices or reflective material as required.

Minimizing the risk of a lighting violation can start with spec’ing LED lights, which typically have multiple diodes. Even if a portion of the diodes goes out, the light still illuminates and meets the requirement of a functioning light.

Drivers should also check all required lamps and turn signals as part of their pre- and post-trip inspections to ensure they are operative, properly mounted and not obscured in any way. During preventive maintenance (PM), technicians check all wiring, look for corrosion and ensure all lighting is in good working order.

Periodic Inspections

The second-most-common roadside equipment violation for the last fiscal year was operating a CMV without proof of a periodic inspection. Several forms of proof meet the requirement, including a decal/sticker with the name of the company that performed the inspection, along with its address and the month and year the inspection was performed. The form/document of the inspection with the same information for the decal/sticker also meets the requirement.

Brake Violations

The third-most-common roadside violation in 2023 was clamp or roto-type brakes out of adjustment. With automatic slack adjusters in vehicles, brakes are sometimes cited as being out of adjustment when they are on the verge of adjusting. To prevent that, drivers can apply the brakes several times at a high PSI level — 90 or better — when pulling into a scale.

Another way to prevent the violation is to spec air disc brakes, so brake stroke adjustment is no longer an issue.

Tire Issues

Tire-related violations comprised two of 2023’s top ten violations. One of the most critical steps in overall tire care is checking tire pressures, which can be done manually or with a tire inflation system. Tires should be inspected as part of every pre- and post-trip inspection and during PM. Additionally, tire pressure gauges should be checked periodically for accuracy and calibrated per the gauge manufacturer guidelines.

As part of its regular PM program, technicians monitor tread depth and replace tires before they hit the minimum tread depth required by the Department of Transportation. Technicians also check tires for irregular wear and ensure the vehicle is aligned properly.

Penske Truck Leasing can help customers select the right tire and tread designs for their application, operating environment and operational goals.

Other Vehicle Violations

Other top roadside violations include no/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher, a tire that is flat and/or has an audible air leak, a tire tread depth lower than 2/32 of an inch, and windshield wipers that are inoperative/defective, which are all inspected as part of PM inspections.

Top 10 Vehicle Violations in 2023

  • Inoperable required lamp
  • Operating a CMV without proof of a periodic inspection
  • Clamp or roto-type brake out of adjustment
  • No/discharged/unsecured fire extinguisher
  • Inoperative turn signal
  • Tire: flat and/or audible air leak
  • Windshield wipers: inoperative/defective
  • No or defective lighting devices or reflective material as required
  • CMVs manufactured after 10/19/94 that have an automatic airbrake adjustment system that fails to compensate for wear
  • Tire: tread depth less than 2/32 of an inch measured in a major tread groove

Snow, ice and freezing temperatures can increase the risk of downtime for all diesel vehicles if the equipment and fuel that power them aren’t properly maintained. Breakdowns can result in delayed drivers, missed deliveries and poor customer service.

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